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2 edition of Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars found in the catalog.

Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars

Canada. Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources. Mines Branch.

Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars

Part 3: the Effect of Mineral Matter on the Thermal and Catalytic Hydrocracking of Athabasca Bitumen.

by Canada. Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources. Mines Branch.

  • 204 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published by s.n in S.l .
Written in English


Edition Notes

1

SeriesCanada Mines Branch Research Report -- 256
ContributionsSoutar, P.S., Mccolgan, E.C., Parsons, B.I.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21894243M

  In the ninth of the part series, Distillate and Residual Fuels/Asphalt, Dr. Leffler outlines distillate and residual fuels, such as kerosene, jet fuel, heating oil, and diesel fuels. Operational characteristics and laboratory results related to the reforming of the refractory tars and oils will be presented. The larger pilot sized facility at Laramie will also be described. Data is expected to be available from the larger pilot sized facility in Laramie by the time for the conference. CLASS MINERAL OILS: PROCESSES AND PRODUCTS November - 1 MINERAL OILS: PROCESSES AND PRODUCTS1 SYNTHETIC DRYING OILS 2 PHENOLIC OR TOXIC OILS 3 OXIDATION OF MINERAL OILS form asphalts, tars or pitches In presence of soild contact material Tar, pitch, or asphalt feed cracking TAR SAND TREATMENT WITH LIQUID. Uses two reactors The residual hydrocarbon oil from the bottom of the reaction product fractionation tower is recycled back into the second reactor for further cracking The first- stage reactor accomplishes both hydrotreating and hydrocracking The second- stage reactor feed is virtually free of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide This permits the use.


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Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars by Canada. Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources. Mines Branch. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Hydrocracking of heavy oils and residua is increasingly import to refiners due to increased global production of heavy and extra heavy crude Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars book coupled with increased demand worldwide for low sulfur middle distillates and residual fuel Size: KB.

Presents advances in the field of hydrocracking. The volume includes catalytic materials, reaction mechanisms and pathways, as well as hydrocracking processes and applications.

It discusses hydrocracking processes and hydrocracking technology in catalytic dewaxing, resid upgrading, and fluid catalytic cracking feedstock improvement3/5(1). Hydrocracking of residual oil using Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars book supported over mesoporous alumina as a catalyst.

Chemical Engineering Journal, DOI:. heavy oils, bitumen, de-asphalter bottoms, visbroken tars, coal liquids) showing high flexibility and resistance to the contamination (e.g. from metals, asphaltenes, sulphur, nitrogen)8. The slurry phase hydrocracking of vacuum residue was investigated by Kim et al9.

The experimental conditions varied in a wide range of temperature, pressure, andFile Size: 1MB. Abstract. Residue hydrocracking has been attracting more and more attention to the refining industry in recent years, and one of the best approaches is ebullated bed residue hydrocracking (EBRH).

STRONG ebullated bed residue hydrocracking uses a new type of reactor, and a 50 KTA demonstration unit has been put into operation by: 1. Comparing the type distribution in each product, it is suggested that, with the use of Al 2 O 3-B 2 O 3 catalyst, main reaction of TK-AR hydrocracking was the hydroconversion of aromatics in feedstock to saturates and naphthenic compounds in gas oil, while USY catalyst converted all types in residual oil to naphtha, kerosene and gas oil Cited by: 6.

Residual oil fairways. Similar residual oil targets also occur in many hydrocarbon basins in so-called residual oil zone fairways, which have recently been investigated as a potential new Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars book of geological storage target. Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars book Residual oil fairways occur within saline aquifers on the paths along which oil migrated over geological time before reaching current oil reservoirs.

In this article, we will focus on cocurrent downflow, which, because of its relatively lower pressure drop and the absence of flooding, is by far the most common mode of operation in industrial practice. Trickle-bed reactors are used primarily in the petroleum industry for hydrocracking, hydrodesulfurization.

hydrocracking, hydrovisbreaking, donor-solvent processes. Carbon rejection processes: coking, visbreaking, and other processes such as solvent deasphalting. Both hydrogen addition and carbon rejection processes have disadvantages when applied to upgrade heavy oils or residua.

For instance, removal of nitrogen, sulfur andFile Size: KB. hydrocracking Hydrocracking Severe form of hydroprocessing •Break carbon‐carbon bonds •Drastic reduction of molecular weight Reduce average molecular weight & produce higher yields of fuel products 50%+ conversion Products more appropriate for diesel than gasoline 5File Size: 2MB.

Many oil refineries employ hydroprocessing for removing sulfur Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars book other impurities from petroleum feedstocks. Capable of handling heavier feedstocks than other refining techniques, hydroprocessing enables refineries to produce higher quality products from unconventional- and formerly wasted- by:   Purchase Hydrotreatment and Hydrocracking of Oil Fractions, Volume - 1st Edition.

Print Book Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars book E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Distillate hydrocracking is a refining process for conversion of heavy gas oils and heavy diesels or similar boiling-range heavy distillates into light distillates (naphtha, kerosene, diesel, etc.) or base stocks for lubri- cating oil Size: 1MB.

Figure 1. Catalytic hydroprocessing units within a refinery, including distillate hydrotreating and hydrocracking. Catalytic hydroprocessing of liquid biomass is a technology that offers great flexibility to the continuously increasing demands of the biofuels market, as it can convert a wide variety of liquid biomass including raw vegetable oils, waste cooking oils, animal fats as well as Cited by: Hydrocracking of heavy oils with metal dispersed catalysts is the most suitable to obtained low boiling point or middle distillate with high value products.

In order to understand the catalytic behavior in slurry-phase reactor, several model substrates are utilized and Cited by: It is pointed out in the conclusion that from heavy, high-resin crude oils and tars, containing up to 70% residue above degree C, approximately 61% by weight of motor fuels can be obtained.

UOP has long experience in designing “black oil” units as UOP was the first licensor to commercialize residue hydrotreating. The RCD Unionfining process is a fixed-bed catalytic hydrotreating process, combining unique process design parameters with state-of-the-art residue hydrotreating catalysts.

We provide solutions for the integration of. In principle there are two solutions for upgrading residual oils and for obtaining a better product distribution. These are carbon out and hydrogen in processes.

Examples of carbon rejection processes are the Flexicoking process (Exxon) and the FCC process discussed earlier.5/5(1). Catalysts for hydrocracking and refining heavy oils and tars: Part 3, the effect of presulphiding conditions on catalyst performance (CANMET report) Unknown Binding – by M Ternan.

Some of the fundamentals of the book are composition of radiation effects on lubricants, thermal cracking of pure saturatedhydrocarbons, petroleum asphalts, refinery products, refinery feedstocks, blending and compounding, oil refining, residual fuel oils, distillate heating oils, formulations of petroleum, photographs of machinery.

Authors: Marcello De Falco – Associate Professor – University “Campus Bio-Medico” of Rome. Mauro Capocelli – Researcher – University “Campus Bio-Medico” of Rome. Theme description In the refinery sector, both the fuel and the feedstock market as well as the more stringent environmental regulations are exacerbating the need of maximizing the residue conversion.

Residue upgrading helps refiners get more from a barrel of oil and adds more to your bottom line. UOP offers various solutions for upgrading both atmospheric and vacuum residue streams.

The choice of technologies depends upon both the quality of the resid stream and the quality of. Residual oil is oil found in low concentrations naturally or in exhausted oil fields. Often mixed with water, it cannot be recovered by conventional techniques.

However, part of it can be recovered using carbon dioxide-enhanced oil recovery (CO2 EOR) which involves injecting carbon dioxide into the well reducing viscosity and enhancing flow of the oil.

The technique is not new but has not. Thermal hydrocracking and catalytic hydrocracking of heavy oil and model reactant have been carried out to investigate the effect of dispersed Mo catalyst on slurry-phase hydrocracking.

The XRD and XPS patterns suggested that the major existence form of dispersed Mo catalyst in slurry-phase hydrocracking was MoS by: Low concentrations of Group VIB metal salts of fatty acids will catalyze the hydroconversion of sulfur-containing heavy petroleum oils producing a lighter oil fraction having a lower sulfur concentration than the heavy oil and a tar fraction containing a higher sulfur concentration than the heavy oil.

Catalyst concentrations of to 1, ppm, calculated as the elemental metal, are by: McColgan, E. C and B. Parsons, “The Hydrocracking of Residual Oils and Tars, Part 6 Catalyst De-activation by Coke and Metals Deposition,” Mines Branch Research Report R, Department of Energy Mines and Resources Canada, Ottawa, Author: Marten Ternan, R.

Packwood. A process technology has been developed in the USSR for the manufacture of high-quality oils by hydrocracking a heavy distillate feed in high-pressure equipment.

The neutral and hydrocracked oil sample and a blend of these stocks were subjected to treatment with oleum, neutralization with 65% ethyl alcohol, and contact finishing to obtain white oils. RESIDUE HYDROCRACKING PROCESSING wherein the diluent comprises at least one of FCC cycle oils, slurry oils, aromatics extracts, and straight run vacuum gas oils.

such as hydrocracking, residual desulfurization (RDS), and solvent deasphalting (SDA), to convert Residuum, Vacuum Gas Oil (VGO) and other heavy petroleum feedstocks to jet and. With the increasing demand of petroleum-derived products due to the world population and development, upgrading of crude oil with heavier quality and petroleum residues is unavoidable.

Hydroprocessing is a preferable process for heavy oil upgrading. The process is operated with the presence of a catalyst, and catalysis plays an important role in the : Ching Thian Tye. Hydrocracking, Distillate Downstream Charge Capacity, Current Year (barrels per stream day) Cat Hydrocracking, Gas Oil Downstream (barrels per stream day) Cat Hydrocracking, Residual Downstream (barrels per stream day) ExxonMobil Refining Louisiana BATON ROUGE, 0 File Size: 1MB.

@article{osti_, title = {Heavy oil gasification}, author = {Pelofsky, A.H.}, abstractNote = {This book investigates the different technologies that can be employed to convert crude oil, especially the heavy crudes, to a substitute natural gas.

Most of them are commercially proven and therefore can be placed on-stream relatively quickly. Purchase New Aspects of Spillover Effect in Catalysis, Volume 77 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Upgrading heavy and residual oils into valuable lighter fuels has attracted much attention due to growing worldwide demand for light petroleum product.

This study focused on hydrocracking process for atmospheric residue (AR) of Mongolian crude oil in the first time compared to those of other countries.

Residue samples were hydrocracked with a commercial catalyst at ℃, ℃, ℃ for 2 Cited by: 7. USA USA USA USA US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A Authority US United States Prior art keywords unit oil cracking gasoline hydrogenation Prior art date Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a Cited by: Hydrocracking and Hydrotreating Refining Processes Needed for Increasing Heavy Oil Demands Utilizing hydroconversion refining for world oil demand and heavy oil processing obstacle; Genoil Inc.

GHU® Pilot Plant demonstrates capabilities on refinery residuals The increasing global demand of crude oil is turning towards heavier oils. In the US, with a higher relative volume of gasoline, more FCC capacity is needed, while in Europe and Asia, with higher diesel consumption, more hydrocracking is used.

Visbreaking units upgrade heavy residual oils by thermally cracking them into lower viscosity product that can be blended into lighter, more valuable products. Visbreaking is. In petrochemistry, petroleum geology and organic chemistry, cracking is the process whereby complex organic molecules such as kerogens or long-chain hydrocarbons are broken down into simpler molecules such as light hydrocarbons, by the breaking of carbon-carbon bonds in the precursors.

The rate of cracking and the end products are strongly dependent on the temperature and presence of catalysts. Two separate mechanistic kinetic models have been developed for the hydrocracking of complex feedstocks.

The first model is targeted for the hydrocracking of vacuum gas oil. The second one addresses specifically the hydrocracking of long-chain paraffins, but at a more fundamental level as compared to the first one.

HYDROPROCESSING OF HEAVY OIL AND RESIDUA Jorge Ancheyta and James G. Speight TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface (J. Ancheyta and J.G. Speight) Chapter 1: Heavy Oils and Residua (Jorge Ancheyta and J.G. Speight) Introduction Petroleum Heavy Oil Tar sand bitumen Residua References Chapter 2: Feedstock Evaluation and Composition (J.G.

Speight). Hydrocracking is a process whereby Group III oils are made. A semi-synth. oil will have either Group III or IV oils mixed with Group II (conventional/dino) up. Hydrotreating heavy residual oils. phenolic or pdf acids for the hydrocracking of such heavy oils pdf topped crude, gas oils, cycle oils, residuum, tars, etc.

Salts of the Group II to VIII metals are disclosed and useful concentrations of to 1 wt. %, based on the metal, are disclosed as being effective for hydrocracking purposes. Hydrocracking is download pdf important source of diesel and jet fuel Source: Millennium Global, Inc., used with permission.

A hydrocracking unit, or hydrocracker, takes gas oil, which is heavier and has a higher boiling range than distillate fuel oil, and cracks the heavy molecules into distillate and gasoline in the presence of hydrogen and a catalyst.ebook Hydrocracking â of residual oils and tars.

1: The effect of feed dilution on the thermal hydrocracking ebook Athabasca bitumenâ ; Mines Branch Research Report R; McCokan E C and Parsons B I. â Hydrocracking of residual oila and &ls: P a r t 2: The c a t l i t i c hydrocracking of Athabasca bitumenâ â: Mines Branch Research.